7th Grade Science Fair
Use these resources to help you with your research.

Literature Review and Developing Keywords

What is a literature review?

Developing Keywords
Using keywords effectively
Keyword challenge games

Need synonyms for your keywords to broaden your search? Use a thesaurus.

Using Databases

Quick Database How-To
  • Develop your search terms carefully
  • Use the related subjects to help you find more resources
  • When you find an article that will be useful in your research, download to save on your computer OR email it to yourself:

1. Cook Library Databases
Password: 21122002134515
Student Resources in Context- Find videos, images, news and magazine articles, and primary sources.
New Book of Popular Science

Background Reading:

2. Highland Database
Science Database - http://search.ebscohost.com/
User ID:

Online Searching

Web Search in Plain English from Common Craft

Web Search Strategies in Plain English from leelefever on Vimeo.

Here are some important things to look for when determining the credibility of a website:
From the Google Learning Module presentation "Searching with Google"

When searching on the free web, if a source doesn't have an AUTHOR or ORGANIZATION do NOT use it as one of your sources!
You must create the citation.
If you use Easy Bib, you must CHECK your citation.

Search Engines

_Search Engines_
Use to search the Web.

Go Duck Go
Ask Kids

_Meta-Search Engines_
Use to search across
multiple search tools.

_Directories / Web Portals_
Use to search lists of
Websites/resources selected
and organized by people.

Google Scholar
Kids Click!
ipl2: information you can trust
ipl2 For Kids
ipl2 For Teens
Re-QUEST dot Net
Yahoo! Kids

_Subject Searches_
Use to search Websites relating
to specific subjects.

Best History Sites
The National Science Digital Library.....
_Image and Media Search_ ............
Use to search for images.

List of resources for
Copyright Friendly Images
_Other Tools_

IMSA Search Wizard - Use to
build advanced queries to
fine tune Google searches


Your Works Cited Page

Remember, that ALL sources that you use within your paper need to be cited.
You can use the LC Citation Guide or use a citation generator like Easy Bib.

References should be listed in alphabetical order by the first piece of information.

To create the correct formatting for each citation in Microsoft Word:
1. Highlight the citation
2. Go to "Format" on the top toolbar, then select "Paragraph". The box below will appear.
3. Under the "Indentation" area, click on the drop down list under the word "Special" and choose "Hanging".


In Text Citation/ Parenthetical Documentation

What is it?
  • Points to the full citation in the works cited.
  • Shows from what source & where in the source you found the information
  • Shows your readers' you have done your research

How do you do this?
MLA Style uses parenthetical documentation.
  • This means at the end of the sentence where you use your research information, you use parentheses with the information.
  • You would use parenthetical citation for items you QUOTE or PARAPHRASE.
  • Include the author's last name and the page number. For example... There have been 10,000 items checked out from the Highland Learning Center so far this year (Wyatt 22).
  • If I wanted to quote from the Gettysburg Address in my paper, I could do it this way. As Abraham Lincoln eloquently stated the total of eighty-seven years when he said, "Four score and seven years ago" (37).
  • If you mention the author's name in the text, then you just include the page number in the parentheses. For example... According to Wyatt, there have been 10,000 items checked out from the library so far this school year. (22)
  • If it is a web site where there is no number, you just use the author's name.
  • If there is no author, you mention the title of the article or the web site in the parentheses.

When I get stuck, I use the MLA book or the OWL Guide. Here's their page about intext citation -

If I was doing the persuasive essay, here's how I would use this.
Topic: Texting and Driving
Consumer Reports Blog - http://blogs.consumerreports.org/cars/2009/11/despite-risks-teens-report-texting-while-driving.html
Pew Internet and American Life Study - http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/Teens-and-Distracted-Driving.aspx
Washington Post Article - http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/16/AR2009111602174.html

Here's a sample sentence from my essay:
Texting while driving is dangerous. It could cost you your life. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, distracted driving was the cause of accidents that resulted in 5870 deaths and 515,000 injuries (Halsey).

Despite knowing the dangers, it can be difficult to fight the temptation to text while driving, According to co-author of the Pew Study Amanda Lenhart, "Many teens understand the risks of texting behind the wheel but the desire to stay connected is so strong for teens and their parents that safety sometimes takes a back seat to staying in touch with friends and family" (Halsey). When the tools to stay connected to friends are so accessible and multi-tasking is such a part of daily life, it is difficult to stay focused solely on driving.

Works Cited
Halsey, Ashley. "U.S. Teens Report 'Frightening' Levels of Texting While Driving." Washington Post.